GENERAL STATUS
The nature reserve of Rosh Hanikra was established in 1965 under the National Park, Natural Reserves and National Monuments Law (1963)..
GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

The area is located in the most northern part of the Israel shoreline, extending from Akhziv to the Lebanese border (N 33o 04', E 35o 06').
AREA
The Nature Reserve: 440 ha, extending 1,300 m seaward from the coast with about 5 km of coastline.
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY ELEMENTS

The area comprises marine and coastal areas, and islands. The Nature Reserve includes a marine part with underwater caves, many islets that serve as breeding grounds for important species and a beach, partly rocky, partly sandy. The National Park is only coastal, including white cliffs and natural caves and cavernous tunnels.
Concerning flora, Holophytic flora covers the islands permanently above sea level and the coastline. On the slopes of the cliffs, amongst Carob and Pistacia elasticxa, shaped by the wind into Bonsaï?like shrubs, blooms the Statice, endemic to this piece of land. There are also others colourful flowers such as seashore lilies, Narcissus and Squill. The intertidal zone contains a wide diversity of algal species, and especially large areas covered by biogenic constructions (vermetid algal rims).
The bottoms and walls of the underwater caves are characterized by a very special fauna of hydroids, colorful sponges and bryozoa as well as soft corals and clinid fishes. The fishes Apogon imerbis and Chromis chromis' as well as the triton shell (Charonia) are all found here. The sandy beaches serve as spawning grounds for the seaturtles (Chelonia mydas and Caretta caretta). The islands are nesting sites for several species of birds including Motacilla alba, Larus argentatus and Sterna hirundo, and in particular they have been visited (1968 for the last record) by the Monk seal (Monachus monachus). Inside the grottoes, there are groups of bats. Swallows and rock pigeons are nesting in the rocks. There are also many Hydrax (Crocavia syriaca) in the cliffs. In the coastal area, there is evidence of the presence of jackal (Canis aureus) and foxes (Vulpes vulpes). Wolves (Canis lupus) which have been present in the past time, are now extincted.

 
Download the Strategic Action Plan for the Conservation of Marine and Coastal Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SAP-BIO)
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