AREA 9.254 km2
LENGTH OF MEDITERRANEAN COASTLINE 486 miles
PROTECTED AREA LEGISLATION
The fisheries regulations 1952-1989 were amended in 1989 to organize the protection of important marine egg-laying beaches: the Lara Toxeftra Beaches on the west coast of the Akamas Peninsula. A 1990 decree implementing the foreshore protection Law prohibits the installation of hutments, parasols, recreational facilities, etc on certain beaches where marine turtles lay their eggs.
ESTABLISHED M/C PROTECTED AREAS
1. Larnaka Lake Nature Reserve (W)
2. Limassol Lake Nature Reserve (W)
3. Lara Toxeftra (M/C)
 
LARA-TOXEFTRA
GENERAL STATUS
The Lara-Toxeftra Nature reserve is managed by the Fisheries Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION
The Lara-Toxeftra area is located in the south western part of the Akamas peninsula, 15 kilometers west from the town of Paphos, and between N 34o 59'30" and 34o 59'. The inland extension is 90 meters from the mean sea level and the seaward extension is to the 20 meter isobath
AREA
650 hectares (100 terrestrial and 550 marine)
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY ELEMENTS
The area protected is part of the Akamas peninsula, located at the western tip of the island of Cyprus and presently studied in order to create a National Park covering about 155 square kilometers. the peninsula is a plateau, about 500 meters high, which runs from north-west south-east and is covered by riche and varied vegetation. There are many small streams and rivers which cross the eastern and western slopes forming many deep narrow valleys and some gorges. the coastline is varied with both sandy beaches and rocky coasts with, in some places, marine caves. The reserve covers about 10 kilometers of coastline, including the most important nesting beaches for marine turtles.
The beaches of the area are some of the few known nesting areas of the remaining populations of the Green turtle (Chelonia mydas) and the Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta caretta). About 100 Green Turtles nest in the area. Conservation efforts include monitoring and tagging of turtles, protection of turtle nests in situ and a hatchery programme. About 4,000 hatchlings were released each year in the area from 1978 to 1987. This was increased to about 6000-8000 per year since then. Ghost Crabs (Ocypode cursor) inhabit the beaches in the area and are also protected. The marine vegetation includes extensive Posidonia oceanica meadows and Cymodocea nodosa as well as many algae.
 
Download the Strategic Action Plan for the Conservation of Marine and Coastal Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SAP-BIO)
(PDF document)
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